Being seen on Graffigny
and on Chemin
Photos taken since the statue of it Virgin on the hill of " Mourmon".
History and Geography :
It is the association of the villages of Graffigny and Chemin.
The territory is 1727 hectares of étentue among which 656 of the wood.
In 1838, there were 838 inhabitants, 505 in 1925 and today about 275.
Those of Graffigny was nicknamed " Les Gouris " and of Chemin" Les Taitïens ".
In the XVIII ème century, Graffigny was the place of residence of seven or eight families of nobility of Lorraine (Terrenoire, Widranges, Thumery, of Mussey, Lescarnelot, Raincourt, the Marne, Labadie).
The ancient Roman way of Langres to Toul, having left Malaincourt's
territory, crosses in its entirety that of Graffigny, and form even
today the only street of the village of Chemin. It stayed until the
XVI ème century only communication route between the Lorraine and Burgundy.
Some monuments :
Church St Elophe and St Christophe de Graffigny.
Church St Nicolas of Chemin.
Statue of Joan of Arc with Chemin.
Bells: : (extract of : Cloches et Saintiers du Bassigny of Jean Salmon)
Graffigny possess three bells. The first,
of 1,30 m, was flowed by the RIZIER-MARTIN, casters of bells to Vrécourt. It
wears in registration: " My name is Alexandrine - Félicité, baptized in November,
1863 under the pastoral administration of Mr Thibouret, the priest of the parish.
I had for godfather Mr. Alexandre CHEVALLIER, mayor of Graffigny and for godmother
Claude, wife of deceased Thomas PISSOTE, chevalier of the Legion of Honnour.
"The second, of 1,17 m, was flowed to Robécourt by Georges FARNIER, and wear : " Melted in 1927 for the municipality of Graffigny-Chemin under Mr. JEANMAIRE Georges's administration. I had for godfather Mr. Robert THIEBAUT and for godmother Marie Reine ".
The third of 1,02 m was flowed in 1822 to Blevaincourt by the casters GOUSSEL, and wear : " I had for godfather Mr. Antoine Jean - Baptist Martin, trader, and for godmother Miss Marie Clothilde COLLIN, girl ".
Chemin possesses also three bells.
The first of 0,94 m is dated 1756 and wears no indication of caster; but only:
" I was blessed and named by the same that " the Graffigny's big " " of or she
should come. A Virgo to the Child and a cross decorate her.
Second, of 0,85 m, is of Georges FARNIER de Robécourt and wears : " In 1921, melted for the municipality of Graffigny-Chemin, under the administration of Mr. Mayor, I had for godfather JACQUIN Louis and for godmother Miss Marie-Clémence QUENTIN. " A Saint Louis, a Crucifixion and a Sacred Heart decorate her.
The third, of 0,75 m, is BOLLEE of Orlêans and wears : " Of 1828, cracked in 1945, by sounding the armistice, melted again in 1949 for the municipality of Chemin, under Mr. THIEBAUT Robert's administration, mayor, abbot Charles FABRE being cleaned out by the parish. I had for godfather Camille MOLARD and Pierre QUENTIN and for godmother Railcar JACQUOT and Odile CHEVALIER. "
Organ of the church :
It is on February
28, 1869 that the factory of the church (council in charge of the material
management of the church) and the commune decide to acquire an organ by
choosing a very recent instrument of occasion but since built in 1850
per John Abbey, of Versailles.
Now the plays are : the flute, it prestant, the bumblebee, the doublette and the trumpet, pedals of an octave, one drew : call and withdrawal. The Dresser is in oak, the keyboard out of wooden with an ivory plating, the pedals in oak. The blower of the type `parallel folds' functions with electricity.
This instrument which did not receive the visit of an organ builder
since 1983, proclamation some weaknesses, especially in summer, let us say that
it lacks breath. A visit of maintenance thus is essential and it is Mr PLET
of Troyes which must come in Graffigny, at the beginning of June 2007 to give
the whole in good order and this on the initiative of the municipality.
To celebrate this renovation the association of elder rural of the village will organize a great concert: chorus, soloists, musicians and organ on Sunday June 24 to 16 H. It is the choral society Hautevoix de Hauteville-lès - Dijon, directed by Claude Martin, originating in Graffigny-Chemin, which will give this concert. This choral society will sing pastoral of Christmas of 1786 of the Czech musician Jan Jakub Ryba and in prologue a group of Czech musicians originating in the province of Moravie.interprétera of the traditional popular songs of the time of Christmas. During this exceptional concert it will thus be given to hear, in addition to the choral society, the three professional soloists and the organist; as well as the chorus of men of the Czechs accompanied by the violins, the double bass, the clarinet and celebrate it cymbalon.
Herewith, a few pictures of this great concert which brought together 60 singers and 10 musicians in the church of Graffigny as well as thanks to Claude Martin.
The history of the plane :
At night from 22 till 23 July 1944 to Graffigny, fall of an English plane Lancaster of parachuting. The plane went in Jura to parachute there nine men of service Air Special with the radio material transmitter-receiver, weapons, ammunitions, explosives as well as foods.
Taken in a thick fog, the plane struck the mountain of Graffigny, broke
and caught fire immediately. In the disrupted device, there are thirteen deaths
carbonized, three bessés among which one slightly, the Canadian Paul BELL managed
to go down in the village and spends the night at an inhabitant. He is then
taken by the undergrowth to be steered on England via Switzerland. Both others
very seriously wounded persons will receive a little later the first care of
the Doctor de Bourmont. But it is impossible to look after them as requires
it the gravity of their wounds, and they are abandoned to German by hoping that
these will look after them as the Agreements of Geneva require it. One never
had their news.
Graffigny's résitants and neighborhood put under cover the recoverable material so that it does not fall in the hands of the Germans. These noticed very fast that the material had disappeared from the plane, they took hostages and threatened to burn the village if the material was not returned.
An inhabitant of Graffigny, a widow of a German Colonel, died in 1913, intervened with the German Commander for the liberation of the hostages, and managed to make cancel the order to burn the village.
The only survivor Paul BELL managed to join his Unity, he died in the Field of Honor at the liberation of the Holland.
Corrigendum following email received from Chris Nelson :Dear Dominic
I saw your website : Very interesting and informative. Unfortunately about a plane crash on Mount deGraffigny English-Way, the night of July 23, 1944, there are some errors of fact. I imagine that the errors derive its origin from the sign at the crash site.
For example, the sign on the site of the accident described the dead as Canadians, in fact, only one of 12 dead and two survivors were Canadian, British and others were, in the case of the pilot, New Zealand. Paul Bell is described as having died during the liberation of the Netherlands, but in reality he died in the UK in 1945 after his plane was shot down by a German aircraft on the night of his return from a training ride. The sign describes the aircraft as in return for a supply mission in the Jura, in fact the soldiers were a reconnaissance group paving the way for a major operation of British special forces in the Haute-Marne. They were to be parachuted into a field near Joinville where the Patriots had held their French home. The sign says that "we have never heard from them" in fact, Joe Vinet (one survivor) Graffigny visited three times after the war, most recently in 1999 when he participated as a The guest of honor at the parade to the cemetery where the dead Graffigny were commemorated. In 1975 he visited Dr. Boin to Bourmont. Finally, the sign described Bell as Paul returned to the UK via Switzerland. In reality, it was hosted by the guerrillas in eastern France until the liberation by the advancing allied troops and returned to the UK via Italy and North Africa.
I prepared a document about lécrasement and in my next visit I'll be happy to give you a transcript in French. Henri Biehlmann Graffigny is an expert in this subject: he is very approachable and he will happy to talk with you about the crash.
I'm sorry for my execrable French.
Pedestrian road :
A pedestrian path of 1600 m in the locality " the career " was fitted out
(to leave Graffigny in the direction of Bourmont). The objective is to make
discover in the course of a walk in forest a big part of contitutifs elements
of the forested ecosystem.
Explanatory pannaux is distributed on the whole circuit.
A sensibly placed viewpoint indicator presents the region.
An area of reception waits for you with a parking, tables, benches and games for the children.
One can also join " the stele of the plane " which was set up after the second world war as recollections of the airmen brought down in 1944.
Small look :
Bourmont, leader place of canton, or
one finds the main businesses, the pharmacy, doctor, the school, the police
force, the old people's home, etc....
One can miss the famous coast of Paquis as well no as the walk of Côna.
Visit also a small page on Mothe as well as the other one on Corrupt's abbey. We can forget the Paquis ans the Côna.
Articles appeared in the local press :
The museum of the “François Father” :
Some photographs of Museum of François
who succeeded in gathering a multitude of tools with wood used by Grand-Père
and his descendants.
And quite in images here is :
A small videor.
The photos slide show of the Village.
The passage of the Tour de France in 2009.
Jean Theveny published a book entitled:
Graffigny-Chemin, a village of Bassigny in the 18th century.
(Available in bookstore)
Preview email with Jean Theveny
"To realize this work, I took again the acts of the parochial registers of the century.I thought that this work could interest the public, in particular local, and I realized a searchable version with observation and reference."
This is a dozen pdf file that we find below.
|File n° 1 de 1700-1721||Graffigny-Chemin 1700-1721|
|File n° 2 de 1722-1737||Graffigny-Chemin 1722-1737|
|File n° 3 de 1735-1744||Graffigny-Chemin 1735-1744|
|File n° 4 de 1745-1760||Graffigny-Chemin 1745-1760|
|File n° 5 de 1761-1771||Graffigny-Chemin 1761-1771|
|File n° 6 de 1772-1780||Graffigny-Chemin 1772-1780|
|File n° 7 de 1780-1789||Graffigny-Chemin 1780-1789|
|File n° 8 de 1790-1794||Graffigny-Chemin 1790-1794|
File n° 9 de 1794-1797
File n° 10 de 1797-1800
|Chronological list of births, marriages and deaths of the century with a summary by family.||Graffigny-Chemin XVIIIème siècle|
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